Abstract:Micro, small and medium enterprises did not witness the required growth in India despite their importance in generating job opportunities, alleviating poverty, and contributing to economic growth, given the different types of traditional financing (commercial banks, private financing institutions) have not provided adequate financing led to their growth. The relationship between sustainable financing and the growth of (MSMEs), and GDP growth, has not been well studied. The focus of this study is to see the nexus between sustainable financing and the growth of micro, small and medium enterprises, and economic growth in India. In line with the design study, a sample of 72 MSMEs was selected who have access to sustainable financing in Bangalore. The data has been analyzed to measure the relationships between financing, MSMEs growth, and economic growth using the correlation test and (OLS) method. The results from the analysis of the current study show that sustainable finance is essential for the growth of micro, small, and medium enterprises and economic growth.
Abstract:Internet drone, in modest things, is a kind of rapid automaton that is remotely organized by human beings. It is in machinery relations also known as Unmanned Floating Automobile (UFA). By numerous innovative developments in drone equipment, it has predictable that drones grow additional to contain analytical skills, specifically in the waste materials detection of images in smart cities. The drone offered in this article will be applied for the distribution of waste materials detection of images. Through a security system executed on the vessel involved, it confirms the protection of the waste materials detection of images till they get the correct place. The planned structure is an internet-based drone consuming the values of Internet of Things.\nStill, the procedure of drones’ desires trained control and appropriate setup. Waste materials detection of images by internet drone are misguidedly measured as security drones, therefore has been criticized by prepared services. \n\nWithout the use of internet drones, operators are accountable for conveying things at a high cost. The goal of this internet drone is to monitor waste materials detection of images in smart cities. It is to detect waste material images and send them to administrator (Municipality). The internet drone is accomplished of finding these services and detected images statistics in a 360-degree cycle inside the smart cities. When broadcast is problematic, the self-maintaining internet drone are the ready for rapidly moving one location to another detect waste material images.
Abstract:High-quality of health care systems are more crucial than service quality in the other sectors because they have a major impact on the health and well-being. In reality, there has been a lot of interest in healthcare quality since raising the standard of treatment has a favourable effect on a nation\'s population\'s health, which in turn helps the economy and culture as a whole. Increasing the calibre of hospital treatment is a top goal for all nations, particularly developing ones where hospitals serve as the primary healthcare facilities. The current research study was inspired by a number of studies on the costs and issues associated with malnutrition. Relevant papers were included after a search of the internet databases of Pubmed, EMBASE, the Web of Science was done with English as the only permitted language. After that, databases got accessed to perform a more thorough literature search using key words or Boolean operators to produce papers relevant to the problem. Using inclusion/exclusion criteria, these papers were vetted to create a manageable eight pieces. These eight articles were evaluated, and the results showed that now the healthcare delivery and standard of care in the health sector suffer from considerable gaps. The study revealed the disparities in key service & quality of care parameters that depend on one another.Doctors & paramedical staff availability, patient discharge procedures, hospital documentation policies, staff awareness of social responsibility, management standards, and medicine availability are some of the important hospital administration elements that have an impact on staff-patient interactions. The Research study came to the conclusion that Healthcare managers as service providers should think about improving the healthcare quality and other dimensions in addition to concentrating on those with the biggest gaps. On these less explored characteristics, future scholars can base their work. The average stay duration, patient cooperation, patient quality/illness, and patient socio-demographic parameters are the final elements influencing the level of service in terms of patient characteristics.
Abstract:INTRODUCTION: Clinical training plays a fundamental role in shaping the future clinical practice of medical students during their graduation and post-graduation years. It is essential for them to acquire and continuously update their skillset using innovative teaching methodologies to ensure evidence-based patient care. Traditional classroom-based teaching methods have been found insufficient for skill acquisition, leading to a decline in bedside clinical teaching. Consequently, simulation-based medical education has gained rapid acceptance. Simulation-based training encompasses various methods, such as part task trainers, low and high fidelity manikins, standardized patients, remote and virtual simulations. This approach allows students to experience Simulated Clinical Experiences (SCEs) in a controlled environment, facilitating hands-on training for emergencies, patient communication, interpersonal skills, and professionalism. The study also highlights the emergence of tele-debriefing, a technique introduced during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, there is a dearth of head-to-head comparison studies evaluating debriefing experiences in virtual and in-person settings. Objective: To compare the debriefing experiences of Emergency Medical Professionals (EMPs) after participating in remote simulation sessions and standardized patient encounters. Methodology: The research was conducted in March 2022 among 200 EMPs working in various healthcare settings in Pune, India, including casualty, emergency care units, Intensive Care Units, and ambulances. The study focused on the Advanced Trauma Course of the International Trauma Life Support (ITLS) organization, a two-day intensive program that teaches patient assessment and critical condition management in a pre-hospital environment. CONCLUSION: The introduction of Remote Simulation was a crucial adaptation in response to the imperative need for continuity in education during the COVID-19 era. Our study reaffirms its success, as evidenced by the consistently high satisfaction scores observed among participants. However, it is important to acknowledge that in-person Standardized Patient (SP) simulation emerged as the superior choice, offering a more enriching and fulfilling debriefing experience for the learners.
Abstract:INTRODUCTION:Clinical Simulation is a technique which amplifies real life experiences with guided ones thus evoking substantial aspects of the real world in an interactive manner. Exposure of medical doctors to live patients for acquiring necessary skills is imperative. The success of clinical simulation as a teaching methodology in healthcare shall depend upon the whole hearted acceptance by the facilitators. The utility of the available technology solely depends on the level of engagement and enthusiasm shown by them. OBJECTIVE:The aim of the present study is to understand the perspective of educators in adoption of simulation as a teaching methodology.METHODS:The study was conducted amongst 100 Simulation facilitators from across India during a virtual round table discussion. These facilitators were from various fields including medicine, nursing, paramedics and the group was a mix of junior, mid and senior level facilitators. The discussion lasted for 4 hours and was open-ended covering various aspects of clinical simulation. The data was collected during the month of January 2022.The collected data was transcribed and coded to generate themes pertaining to the subject.RESULT AND DISCUSSION:Many participants were of the opinion that simulation sessions were time consuming and that they were unable to take time out of their already busy schedule. It is commonplace in healthcare to have busy schedules. Yet some effort in the short term can lead to radical improvement in the teaching andragogy in the long run.CONCLUSION:The round table discussion raised many important concern of facilitators which can give directions to various educational institutes in implementation of their simulation programmes. Any technology shall remain redundant without the active engagement of facilitators. The benefits of Simulation can reach the learners only when the facilitators are skilled. This can be achieved by attending simulation workshops regularly, working closely with an experienced facilitator and keeping oneself updated about the new trends in simulation. The present study attempts to suggest simple solutions to various facilitator barriers.
Abstract:INTRODUCTION:\nThe onset of the COVID-19 pandemic swiftly extended worldwide starting in December 2019, necessitating the universal adoption of stringent protocols and guidelines to contain its spread. Every nation experienced substantial economic, social, and intellectual setbacks as a result of this unprecedented crisis.\nThe conventional approach to medical education, characterized by traditional classroom instruction, has historically held precedence. However, the landscape of medical education worldwide has undergone significant transformation in recent years. Numerous innovative pedagogical approaches emphasizing experiential learning have emerged and successfully integrated into the curriculum.\nOBJECTIVES: \nTo gain insight into the challenges encountered by instructors when using online teaching methods, and assess the opportunities and limitations of integrating online teaching mode into the long-term andragogy (adult education) in medical education. \n\nMETHODOLOGY:\nThe study was undertaken with a qualitative approach in the form of interview of 80 full time instructors in medical institutes who taught with the online teaching mode for the past 2 years. The collected data was coded and key themes were generated based on the responses provided.\n\n\nCONCLUSION:\nWhile online teaching initially became a necessity during the early phases of the COVID pandemic, it has since evolved into a deliberate choice. Like other teaching methods, online teaching has its limitations, but when harnessed effectively, it offers exciting opportunities to overcome geographical barriers and provide excellent education.\nLearners can access sessions from around the world from the comfort of their homes. Enhanced planning for more interactive sessions can further improve the utility of online teaching.
Abstract:Producing energy from coal usually occurs environmental problems due to the interaction of organic and metallic substances in coal. Energy process of coal such as process of oil energy very has complex large body system and operated out of environmental balance. coal is a heterogeneous raw material which is very difficult to simulate the optimum energy production that can keep environmental pollution at a minimum. And, coal-fired power generation involves environmental uncertainties and risks for the future. In this reason, level of these uncertainties and risks is estimated with probability theory-based approaches going to guide taking necessary precautions regarding this issue in the future. In this study, global CO2 emissions values that arise from coal is evaluated with Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS) method and Kernel Density Estimation (KDE) method. Then, numeric information was obtained using these methods and was achieved dynamic model. Importantly, kinetics of CO2 emissions data was investigated with probabilistic approach.
Abstract:The study aimed to investigate the effect of the flipped classroom strategy of the students of Prince Faisal Technical College on the ability to mathematical representation. The study used the quasi-experimental approach with a pre-post model. The study was applied to (53) students from Prince Faisal Technical College, who were divided into two groups: one experimental group numbered (27) students who studied using the flipped classroom strategy, and the other was a control group. (26) students studied in the usual way. The results showed an effect of the Flipped Class Strategy on the ability scale for mathematical representation as a whole and all of its skills. The study recommended using the stages of ADDIE instructional model in applying the flipped classroom strategy, and conducting studies on the effect of the Flipped Classroom strategy based on ADDIE on students’ acquisition of mathematical concepts in other fields such as Geometry, statistics, etc.
Abstract:Metal nonoparticles stabilized by polymers is emerging as a new class of materials having entirely new physico-chemical properties as that of bulk and atom both. Stabilizers play important role in protecting the nanoparticles and also contributes in improvising the overall surface area. Chitosan, a natural polymer is selected as a stabilizer for the synthesis of iron containing nanoparticles. These nonoparticles are thoroughly characterized by using BET-surface area, FTIR, TEM and XPS. TEM image is showing well dispersed nanofibers with average size of 13nm. XPS data supports the formation of Fe2O3 type structure with O1s binding energy at 534.5 eV and Fe 2P3/2 and Fe 2P1/2 binding energies at 712eV and 723.2 eV. BET Surface area value is 36.72m2/g with pore size of 145.16 and pore volume of 0.1332 cm3/g. This synthesized nanomaterial was evaluated for photocatalytic hydrogen generation via water splitting reaction. Iron containing nanoparticles are showing excellent photocatalytic activity with hydrogen generation yield of 55.5 mmoles h-1g-1 of photocatalyst. The nanoparticles are magnetically retrievable and hence can be separated effectively from heterogeneous system.
Abstract:The interest in the northern territories of Russia and the Arctic is growing. Mainly, due to the territories\' large reserves of natural resources, which, as a result of global warming, are becoming more accessible. This article analyzes the experience of the Soviet Union in the development of the Siberian North in the context of the impact of this development on the waters of the Arctic basin from the point of view of ecological history. \nTo study the problem of environmental pollution from historical positions means to constantly remember that the economy of the 20th century, by its nature, completely falls out of all previous history. In one year, this draining economy was venting smoke from fossil fuels that took millions of years to form. It was not the predatory extraction of non-renewable resources as such, but its rapidly growing pace and global scale that was new in this process.\nThe active industrial development of the Siberian North in the second half of the 20th century led to the fact that the water pollution of the Arctic basin became a serious problem for Siberia as a whole. The greatest pollution of surface waters took place in the Ob-Irtysh basin. In order to fix this situation, the CPSU СС and the Council of Ministers of the USSR Resolution No. 65 of January 15, 1981 and the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR Resolution No. 158 of March 20, 1981 “On measures to strengthen the protection of seas, rivers and other water bodies of the Arctic basin from pollution” were adopted. These resolutions approved the task of completely stopping the discharge of untreated sewage into the seas, rivers and other water bodies of the Arctic basin at the highest state level in 1981-1990. However, environmental protection measures, which were certainly useful and necessary for society as a whole, were in many ways not beneficial to industrial enterprises. Therefore, one of the primary tasks in improving the economic mechanism of environmental management was the development of an economic assessment of the damage caused by man-made pollution and destruction of nature, and the assessment of the economic responsibility of industrial enterprises for this damage. Such a document was adopted in 1991. But as a result of geopolitical changes, it was not possible to implement it.\nAnother problem was that the use of the Arctic Basin waters during the Soviet period was dominated by a super-centralized approach. It lacked any consideration of territorial specifics. In order to effectively use the waters of the Arctic Basin, it was necessary to develop a regional policy. This has not been fully implemented. The Soviet experience in the development of the North must be taken into account by the modern Russian state. In the development of the Russian North, it is necessary to rely not only on the power vertical and state corporations, but also on civil society. This will help to avoid many environmental problems in the future when moving further into the Arctic.